​Impacts to wetlands, including clearing, filling or excavation, typically require an Environmental Resource Permit (ERP) from the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) or the South Florida Water Management District (SFWMD).

Generally, parcels zoned for single-family residence are handled by DEP. Parcels zoned for multi-family residence, commercial and agriculture are handled by SFWMD. 

Prior to the release of Lee County development orders and building permits on parcels containing wetlands (see Wetland Determinations), an ERP must be obtained and a copy provided to Lee County. Conditions of the DEP or SFWMD Environmental Resource Permit will be incorporated into Lee County development orders and permits. Lee County Environmental Sciences staff will participate in the compliance and enforcement of permit conditions.